Your horse moves so smoothly that you always pause, just to watch and admire her – head held high, mane flowing, little puffs of dust from under her feet with every step – she makes you want to be on her back, enjoying the ride. And she makes it look so easy, you rarely think about what's going on in that beautiful body, moving her 1,000 pounds so effortlessly. This is just a tip of our hat to those moveable parts – especially those feet! They sustain and support all of that half-ton of weight with every step she takes, and they rarely have a complaint – and so we tend to take them for granted. But they are probably the finest shock absorbers your horse's Maker ever designed. Join me as we consider what makes them tick and what we can do to keep 'em happy on the trail. Continue reading
Written By Guest Writer - Walt Friedrich
An inappropriate tag for any horse, actually: the words imply a psychological problem, and while every horse can exhibit great caution – even phobia – toward an external circumstance, fear is actually a completely natural and rational response. Practicing that cautious behavior is what's kept horses prospering on this Earth for countless millenia, despite all the hungry predators along the way. Continue reading
Written By: Walt Friedrich
It is a condition – or more precisely, an infection – in the hoof. It is not a disease. Its elimination has been the goal of massive efforts to develop the ultimate product, as witness the vast variety of thrush-busting products on tack shop shelves. All of them do sell, and each of them probably does reduce and control the infection in some hooves – but there are a couple problems: one is that a given product may clear things up for some horses, but seems ineffective for others. And secondly, many of those hooves whose thrush does get controlled end up with a re-infection a couple months later. Right up front, the problem is not a simple one. Continue reading
Winter weight loss is a common issue that arises every winter, and to some degree normal and to be expected. But how do you know what is a healthy weight range for your horse to lose and remain healthy? There is not a single weight range that’s ideal for all horses, as it will vary between breed, discipline, and individual, but here are a few guidelines to follow to help monitor your horse’s weight: Continue reading
A common question that always seems to come up in winter months is why a horse’s urine looks red. People usually notice red, orange or brown spots in the snow where their horses have urinated. Normal horse urine sometimes turns red or brown after standing for a while. This is due to the presence of plant metabolites called pyrocatechines. These oxidizing agents cause the urine to change color when mixed with oxygen. It can happen year round (the same Continue reading
Written by Walt Friedrich
Most of us horse-owners are quite well aware that our horses can pretty much take care of themselves. They may be prey animals, but so are field mice, along with thousands of other species in between, and of them all, horses are probably one of the best equipped for self-protection. Weighing in typically at a thousand-pounds plus or minus a few hundred helps, along with immense strength, and maybe the quickest reflexes in the animal kingdom; he can break your leg or even kill you with a well-placed kick, and he has enough speed to outrun a hungry mountain lion. He tends to keep himself quite well self-protected. Continue reading
written by Walt Friedrich
I always had thought it was my mother who used to tell me, when I was a child, that an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. I was almost disappointed when I learned that 'twas Ben Franklin who first uttered those wise words, and not my mother -- but as I grew up some I came to understand that it's the message, not the messenger that really matters. It applies in every aspect of life, doesn't it, and especially so when it comes to our responsibilities to the animals we are blessed enough to care for. Continue reading
What is considered optimal for horses?
- Horses need between 1 -3 mg per day. Recommendations are closer to 3 for optimal health. The guidelines for concentration in the total feed are .1 to .3 ppm. Essentially if a horse ate 10 kgs (2% of bwt for average horse) they would get the right amount. Complete feeds are limited to this upper guideline in order to prevent toxicity as well as limit environmental contamination. Supplements will be much higher in concentration because the horse would consume far less.
Safe Limits/Upper Limits
- The suggested toxicity level is 2-5 ppm, or again using our 500kg horse eating at 2% would be 20-50 mg of SE
- If feeding recommended 3 scoops (provided) of Omega Grande per day , 0.95mg of Se per 3 scoop serving, it will meet the daily needs of Se. It is a safe mark / pretty much all of what the horse needs (from our OG supplement) as we don’t know what else the horse is consuming in its daily ration
- Guaranteed Analysis lists Se as 1.90 ppm Min.
- Horseshine would provide 19% of the horse’s minimum requirement of Se
Also on our website, two links for Se and PPM conversion
Components in the diet that are present in larger amounts will be listed as % . In a traditional feed, that would include crude fiber, fat, protein and the macrominerals Ca and P. It is optional to include more information on a feed tag. If the items are in large enough quantities, it makes sense to list them in %. Calcium and P are always listed in mins/max – it allows some flexibility as feedstuffs naturally have some variation, but the manufacturer has to provide the customer the assurance they fall within that range.
Components that are found in smaller quantities, the trace minerals are listed in ppm. Although most people still think in pounds, I always prefer to think about ppm in mg/kg. The reason I do so is that the requirements for these nutrients are always listed in mgs, so it just makes sense to get that answer right away.
IU are international units which are only used for vitamins. Because vitamins act as catalysts , their unit of measure is relative to the amount of activity they have. Each vitamin will actually have a different weight required for its international unit. Of course, some vitamins are actually listed in concentration by weight, however A, E and D will all be as IU.
Essentially, macronutrients will always be in %, micronutrients in ppm, and A, D, and E in IU.